A description of website hosting
As its name signifies, web hosting is a service, which involves hosting online content. There are various forms and kinds of web hosting, depending on the aims and on the functions. Nonetheless, they all are related to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible through the Web. A web host is in fact a hosting server that is connected to the World Wide Web and has its own Internet Protocol address, which permits users to have access to it through the Web. The web hosting server's configuration and its limitations are dependent on the form of web hosting solution it will be utilized for.
What are the various forms of hosting?
Based on the purpose, the professional web hosting solution may be:
File Hosting - this form of web hosting permits the users to host their files on a given hosting server. With the ordinary file web hosting solution, the files that are saved may only be accessed by the customer that's availing of the service. This hosting solution usually appertains to backups of PCs , docs, private files and even other servers. This service may also involve given restrictions in relation to the data storage space and the root privileges. There may also be web traffic limitations, but that is dependent on the actual service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting solution is resembling the previous web hosting service type. Nevertheless, unlike the file storage hosting solution, the warez hosting service is utilized for circulating copyrighted work without being given the go-ahead by the patent bearer. To cut a long story short - it is associated with the unlawful propagation of files and materials. There are multiple approaches for this to be attained, but the two essential methods are - via plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through P2P connections. The first approach entails either a certain web page, or, most commonly, just a directory on a web server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download licensed files for free. The second way involves a P2P connection, making use of the so-called Torrent servers, through which people swap files between each other. There are just a few web hosting corporations that permit such type of web hosting on their servers, chiefly owing to all the legal problems that it presupposes. Typically such web pages are hosted on private dedicated hosting servers that are registered by 3rd party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
E-mail Web Hosting - this solution is used with both shared site hosting and dedicated web hosting servers, based on the user's intention. If you want to run your very own personal SMTP server, then you will require either a private virtual web hosting server or a dedicated server that offers the level of access needed to complete such an assignment. For common electronic mail web hosting purposes, however, you can avail of a standard shared web space hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a solution that's widely popular, since the web page hosting and the e-mail hosting services are being served by two separate web servers, often owned by different firms.
Site Hosting - the most famous and universally used hosting service today. It's used for hosting web site files, whose kind depends on the OS the web server is making use of - Linux or Windows. Different types of files necessitate specific hosting server Operating Systems, or else they won't be exhibited properly on the World Wide Web. This kind of hosting may involve server storage and traffic restrictions, server root access and CPU usage limits.
Depending on the goals and on the usage, the customer should select the type of web hosting server that he requires for his work, and, of course, the web space hosting corporation that's going to supply it. There are several sorts of hosting servers, depending on the specifications and the web space hosting services that they offer. These are:
Shared Website Hosting Server - a shared hosting server supplies a smaller amount of system resources, which, of course, is manifested in the price of the service. It can be used for hosting small and medium scale web portals, which do not require huge amounts of data space and web traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers - they perform on the very same principle as the shared web hosting servers. Nevertheless, there are much less clients accommodated on the same server. For that reason, each of them will receive a greater quota of the server's resources like RAM, data space, web traffic and CPU. Excellent for hosting enormous web sites that do not require root privileges.
Virtual Private Server - the VPS servers are perfect for middle size websites, which do demand root access to the web hosting server's config files. Normally, there are several private virtual web hosting server accounts accommodated on the same machine. However, each of them is isolated from the others and runs its own OS.
Dedicated Server - a completely dedicated physical machine configured and accessed by you and solely you. It guarantees a big amount of resources. It also gives full server root privileges, which makes it a perfect platform for any type of web page that demands a site hosting service.
The sole question that remains is:
Which website hosting distributor should I select?
As mentioned, there are just a few hosting providers offering warez web hosting services due to legal troubles. Such hosting companies are being closed down almost every month. For that reason, if you desire to create such a service, you should do it on your very own PC. The shared web site hosting service is the most famous kind of hosting service. Therefore, each webspace hosting company provides it. Not all of them, however, provide solutions such as virtual private web servers, semi-dedicated web servers and dedicated servers. Most of the small sized hosting companies do not have the means demanded for maintaining those services. Because of that it's always best to settle on a larger web hosting company that can provide its clients with all the services that they are looking for. You can effortlessly recognize such companies by the kinds of services that they are making available and by the manner in which they introduce them to the clients. For instance, some web hosting companies allow you to kick off with a small sized web site hosting package and then shift to a bigger one, if you find it compulsory to do so. This is quite suitable, since you do not need to transfer web portals between web hosting servers and there is no risk of suffering network downtime due to all the predicaments that may show up. Companies such as Free Hostia are offering all types of services and possess the required web server resources and staff to assure that their customers will not suffer any troubles when changing services, which is what a top hosting company is actually all about.